01.08.2019
 Essay regarding review and analysis of the publication The handbook of aviation individual factors

Mass media Critique 1

Jason E. Puckett

Daniel Webster School

02/05/2014

Summary

I will offer a review and analysis in the publication " The guide of modern aviation human factors”, specifically section 11 Fatigue and Natural rhythms. BM555 Media Analyze of Human Aviation Elements

The main general opinion of Chapter 11, Tiredness and Neurological Rhythms, is the fact fatigue, whether caused by lack of sleep or by the disruption with the circadian rhythms are a significant human component that greatly affects overall performance and safety within the aviators industry. Problem that came to my mind once analyzing this content, was what time of day offers research proved to be most vunerable to human error? The audience of the study would be those not directly involved in aviation, pilots, mechanics, crew schedulers etc… Individuals in management positions, aviation insurance underwriters, and safety inspectors, all could greatly benefit from this study's findings. The macro-analysis of some well-controlled studies concerning accidents in road travel, maritime procedures, and commercial situations showed a common craze of car accident risk, which in turn appears to seite an seite the suggest trend in sleep propensity (Lavie, 1991) over the twenty-four h day time: it is highest in the early hours during (02. 00–04. 00), showing a second minor peak in the early evening (14. 00–16. 00) related to the post-lunch dip, and lowest in the late morning (10. 00–12. 00) and late afternoon(18. 00–20. 00) (Folkard, 1997). Besides time of day, two other eventual factors may have a significant impact on fatigue and accident risk: (a) hours on duty: inside the twelfth hour, the risk is far more than dual than that during the first 8 hand (b) number of successive night time shift h: for example , inside the fourth evening, the risk can be 36% larger when compared with the first one (Folkard & Akerstedt, 2005; Folkard & Tucker, the year 2003; Hänecke, Tiedemann. The presumptions that were manufactured in this research were that fatigue brought on by lack of sleep or...

References: Babkoff, H., French, J., Whitmore, J., & Sutherlin, Ur. (2002). Single-dose bright light and caffeine impact on nocturnal performance. Aviation, Space and Environmental Medicine, 73, 341–350.

Folkard, S. (1997). Black moments: Temporal determinants of transport safety. Accident Analysis & Prevention, 29/4, 417–430.

Folkard, S., & Akerstedt, To. (2004). Tendencies in the risk of accidents and injuries and the implications to get models of fatigue and performance. Aviation, Space and Environmental Treatments, 75, A161–A167.

Folkard, H., Arendt, T., & Clark, M. (1993). Can Melatonin improve change workers' tolerance of the evening shift? Several preliminary findings. Chronobiology Worldwide, 10, 315–320.

Lavie, S. (1991). A e 24-hour sleep propensity function (SFP): Practical and theoretica implications. In T. H. Monk (Ed. ), Sleep, sleepiness and performance (pp. 65–93). Chichester: Wiley.